Tag: driveway upgrading

The Basics of Asphalt Paving

Asphalt is the pavement of choice for highways, roads and parking lots around the world. It’s an ecofriendly material that can be recycled and has a long lifespan which reduces resource consumption and waste.

Asphalt Paving

It’s made from a combination of aggregate materials like crushed stone, gravel and sand and a substance called bitumen that holds it all together. Different types of asphalt are created for different climates and road conditions. Contact Asphalt Paving Charleston SC for professional help.

Asphalt paving is a versatile and popular choice for building roads, parking lots, train tracks, airport runways, bike lanes, sidewalks, and play and sports areas. The material is a mixture of aggregates, binders, and fillers that are used to create a strong and durable surface. It is also more environmentally friendly than concrete paving because the materials can be recycled and reused.

Choosing the right asphalt mix for your project depends on its purpose and expected traffic volume. High-traffic areas require pavement that can withstand the load of heavy vehicles over a long period of time. This requires an asphalt mix with a higher density and stronger binder content than low-traffic areas.

Aggregates are crushed stone, sand, gravel, or slags that provide structural support for the asphalt mix. They can be natural, such as crushed granite or sandstone, or made from recycled materials like rubber tires, steel and iron manufacturing byproducts, and construction and demolition debris. Asphalt binder is a sticky substance that binds the aggregates together and helps form a solid pavement. The most common binder is bitumen, but there are several newer options, including recycled asphalt, stone matrix asphalt (SMA), and bio-based binder.

A flexible asphalt mix adapts to local climate conditions, including extreme temperature variations. The material’s flexibility helps it resist rutting in the summer and freezing thawing cycles in the winter.

The elasticity of asphalt pavements can also reduce the amount of energy used to maintain them, making it more environmentally friendly than other paving materials. It also reduces greenhouse gas emissions, such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (NO2). Unlike other paving materials, asphalt also allows for faster and easier repairs.

Preparing the Area

Unlike concrete, which can be poured directly onto your existing driveway or parking lot, asphalt must be prepared first. This involves removing all vegetation and old pavement, and it also includes grading the site. This is crucial for getting the right drainage and preventing future problems like water potholes, heaving, and cracking. Our team uses technology like automatic motor graders and laser-guided transits to make sure that the base of your new asphalt is as smooth as possible.

This is important because the sub-base layer provides a foundation for the entire pavement, and it needs to be strong and stable. Without a proper sub-base, your asphalt won’t be able to stand up to the heavy loads it will need to support. In addition, the sub-base helps prevent water damage from thawing and freezing during winter.

Once the sub-base layer is laid, it’s time to put down a “proof roll” – this will ensure that the underlying surface is strong enough to support the asphalt that’s to come. If the proof roll reveals any soft areas, workers will dig down and replace them with more durable aggregates.

The next step is to lay down a binder layer – this is made of aggregate materials mixed with oil. The mix is then rolled and compacted. Typically, new asphalt is installed over old concrete or asphalt surfaces, so butt joints are installed to ensure a seamless transition.

Then it’s time to install the asphalt itself. This is done by using a paver that spreads the material over the surface and then pressing it down with rollers to compact it. Once it’s rolled, the asphalt must sit for 24 hours to cool and harden. This will prevent cars from driving on the asphalt too soon, which can cause premature damage.

Installation

Asphalt is a durable and versatile material that can be used for roads, driveways, parking lots and more. It has many advantages over concrete, including less weight, lower installation costs and better traction for vehicles. It also requires less maintenance than other types of paving materials and is easy to repair when needed. Asphalt can be used in both new construction projects and as a replacement for existing pavement.

Asphalt paving is environmentally friendly, as it uses recycled materials and reduces the need for new asphalt production. It also uses energy-efficient technologies that optimize production processes and minimize waste. Additionally, asphalt pavements can be recycled after use to extend their lifespan and save money on future paving costs.

The asphalt paving process begins with draining and removing any existing pavement, if necessary. Then, the base is built and compacted to ensure a solid foundation for your surface. Once the base is ready, the paving material is placed. Asphalt is typically made up of two ingredients – bitumen and aggregates, such as gravel or sand. The mixture is heated to over 300°F, allowing it to be easily spread and laid on top of the base.

Another benefit of asphalt is that it can be easily marked with lines and other markings, making it easier for drivers to navigate a road or parking lot. These markings stand out against the black color of asphalt, which helps keep them visible even in low-light conditions. This helps increase safety and decreases the risk of accidents.

Compaction

The primary goal of compaction is to densely pack the asphalt material, reducing air voids and creating a durable surface that will withstand traffic and the elements. Achieving proper compaction requires a combination of specialized equipment and skills.

The asphalt mixture needs to be at the ideal temperature to compact properly. As it leaves the paver screed, it is usually around 300 degrees Fahrenheit, but once it reaches the ground it will quickly cool down to a temperature that makes it stiff and difficult to compact. The ambient temperature and wind speed also affect the rate of cooling, as does the thickness of the layer being paved.

Once the layer of asphalt has reached its target temperature, the paving team can begin to compact it using a variety of machinery. Static steel-wheeled rollers, vibratory rollers, and pneumatic tire rollers all play a role in achieving optimum density. Each machine has its own unique strengths and weaknesses, so selecting the right one for the job is crucial. A reputable asphalt contractor will have the expertise to choose the best machines and understand how to operate them for optimum results.

In addition to adjusting machine settings, paving contractors need to carefully monitor the process and adjust for environmental factors. A failure to do so could lead to raveling, a deterioration that causes the loose surface to separate from the underlying material and create an unattractive, rough road. By paying close attention to the details, a quality asphalt contractor can achieve a high level of compaction that will stand up to traffic for decades. This helps the paving company fulfill its fiscal responsibility and keeps motorists safe and happy on the roads.

Curing

Asphalt is a durable material that requires proper curing to transform from soft asphalt into a hard, stable surface. The curing process depends on several factors, including weather, temperature, and the type of asphalt. Understanding these factors can help contractors and property owners ensure that the asphalt is properly cured and ready to use.

When it comes to making asphalt, there are two main ingredients: aggregates (like rocks, gravel, and sand) and bitumen. The aggregates make up about 95% of the material, while bitumen is a dark, sticky, petroleum-based substance that holds everything together. Before the paving process begins, all of these materials are weighed using a belt weighing instrument to get an accurate measurement of their weight. Then, the components are dried to remove any moisture that could affect the final product. The aggregates are then sifted and stored in silos, while the bitumen is kept in heated tanks until it is needed.

Once the asphalt is mixed, the bitumen is added to the aggregates and incorporated into the pavement. It is very important that the bitumen is of a high quality to ensure that it will set up well and last long. One way to test the quality of an asphalt bitumen is to analyze its residual oil content, or REOB. REOB can be measured by a simple laboratory analysis, although the composition of REOB can vary widely between different producers and even within the same producer on the same day.

It is also important to note that the paving should be sealed immediately after it has been cured. This will protect the pavement from damage and prevent any cracking in the future. Cracks can often begin at the edges of an asphalt surface, especially on rural roads or driveways, and if not addressed early on can lead to significant issues down the road.

What You Need to Know About Paving Companies

Paving Companies construct paved surfaces, including roads, sidewalks, and driveways. They work on both residential and commercial projects.

A good paving company should be licensed and insured. They should also have references and be able to provide a written contract.

paving

Avoid a company that refuses to give you a contract or provides only vague estimates. They may cut corners to save money and need a better job.

Paving companies are construction businesses that use asphalt to repair or construct roads, driveways, parking lots, and other public spaces. They can work on projects ranging from minor resurfacing to large-scale reconstruction. They typically operate under a sole proprietorship or an LLC and must obtain business licenses and insurance before performing any work. In addition, they must follow local and state regulations regarding using materials and equipment.

The best way to ensure you hire a reputable paving company is to get detailed estimates from multiple companies. These should include the work scope, materials, labor costs, and a warranty. You should look elsewhere if a paving company cannot provide a detailed estimate.

It’s important to choose a paving contractor that has the right tools for the job. This can include a dump truck to haul the asphalt, a milling machine to remove the existing surface, and a vibratory roller to compact the material. You should also ensure the paving contractor has an appropriate crew size for the project. If the crew is too small, it may delay your project and lead to a poor result.

A paving company must have the proper licensing and insurance to perform a job. You can verify the licenses of a paving company by looking up their license number on the state’s website. You can also ask for a copy of their insurance certificate to ensure that they are covered in case of any damage or accidents during the project.

It would be best to have a good marketing strategy to be a successful paving contractor. This includes partnering with home renovators, commercial contractors, and landscaping companies to promote your services. It’s also important to find ways to attract new talent. Consider hosting career days and job fairs at local schools and colleges. You can also offer apprenticeships.

While the same factors that drive value for all businesses are important to valuing a paving contractor, some unique considerations set this industry apart. These special factors include seasonality, specific bidding requirements for federal, state, and local government contracts, and contracted set-asides for minority, women, and veteran-owned businesses. BVR’s latest special report, What It’s Worth: Valuing Paving Contractors, explores these factors in detail.

If you want your commercial paving project done right the first time, hire an experienced company. These professionals know the best ways to get a job done and will ensure that your new asphalt is smooth, high-quality, and durable. They will also work quickly and efficiently so your business is not interrupted during construction. In contrast, hiring an inexperienced person or doing the work yourself will take longer and result in poor-quality results.

A professional paving company should have years of experience in the industry and a portfolio of previous projects. They should also be able to provide a detailed project timeline and give you references that you can call. You should also be able to visit their website to see a gallery of past work. This will help you determine whether or not their work is up to par.

Paving is a complicated process, and it takes experience to do it well. Less reputable contractors may try to cut corners to save money, but this can cost you more in the long run. A reputable contractor will be honest about their pricing and won’t try to hide any hidden fees.

It’s important to choose a paving company that is licensed and insured. This will protect you from any legal issues if something goes wrong during the project. In addition, they should be familiar with local regulations and permits required for asphalt paving projects. They should also be able to explain the different options available for your commercial paving project, including materials, colors, and textures.

It would be best to look for a paving company that offers a warranty on their work. This will protect you if the job is outside your standards or has defects. This is especially important for a large project like a parking lot.

Consider using a local company if you are looking for a paving company. This will ensure that you are getting high-quality work at a fair price. In addition, if you use a local company, you will be helping the community by keeping money in the local economy.

A paving company uses a variety of equipment to complete asphalt paving projects. To achieve the desired results, they may have special paving machines such as cold planers, pavers, and milling machines. These machines help ensure the finished product is high quality and meets industry standards. They also ensure that the project is safe and adheres to environmental regulations.

The equipment a paving company uses varies depending on the size of the project and the type of pavement being laid. For example, a dump truck may transport the asphalt mix from the plant to the job site for smaller projects. This machine usually has a lift that allows the load to slide out of the back of the truck bed. Some trucks have a conveyor belt, an alternative to a lift.

In addition to these essential pieces of equipment, a paving contractor needs professional tools to complete the work promptly and efficiently. These tools can include a rake, screed, and rollers to compact the asphalt and prepare it for the top layer. They may also use a hot box to melt the asphalt mix before spreading it on the road.

When selecting a paving contractor, it is important to consider the equipment they have and their experience working in different locations. For instance, a company with extensive experience working in busy city centers will be better prepared to handle the disruptions caused by construction. They will also be familiar with ADA regulations, traffic control, and detour routes.

A reputable paving contractor will have the right equipment for every project stage. The paving machine they use can impact the quality and cost of the finished work. They will also be able to meet the unique requirements of each job, including its schedule and budget.

You should find a Cat dealer near you if you want to purchase a paving machine. They can offer you a wide selection of pre-owned equipment backed by the Cat Used standard. These machines are a great option for contractors who want to minimize their up-front costs and invest in long-term value.

Several insurance policies can help cover costs and protect you from financial disaster. These include commercial general liability, workers’ compensation, and hired and non-owned auto insurance. These are essential for any business that needs to operate. The cost of these policies will vary depending on the specifics of your company’s operations and your needs. It would be best if you also considered getting a professional liability policy to protect you from negligence claims.

Working on roads and pavements is inherently dangerous work. If someone gets injured on your property, it can lead to expensive lawsuits and loss of revenue. This coverage will pay for legal fees, settlements, and damages. It may also include coverage for lost wages and medical expenses.

It is important to check the reviews of paving companies before hiring one. This will give you an idea of their customer service and work quality. Look for companies with positive reviews, but don’t ignore negative ones. If there are many complaints, this is a red flag.

The cheapest insurance for paving contractors is general liability, which costs an average of $60 per month or $720 per year. You can get a comprehensive policy with a $1 million per occurrence limit and a $1 million aggregate limit. This will protect you from large financial losses that can ruin your paving business.

Another insurance that is vital for paving companies is workers’ comp. It will protect your employees if they are injured at work. This can include paying for their medical bills, rehabilitation costs, and missed wages. You can also find a policy covering your business for auto accidents caused by workers on the job.

Other types of insurance you should look for in a paving contractor include product liability, commercial auto insurance, and business interruption insurance. You can also find a business owner policy (BOP) that bundles general liability and commercial property insurance at a discount. You should also check the equipment and tools coverage a paving contractor offers to ensure that your valuable assets are protected.

Pavement Solutions

Pavement Solutions provide construction, maintenance and repair services for commercial asphalt and concrete surfaces. The company also offers permeable paving solutions.

Pavement Solutions

Transportation engineers and practitioners need to be aware of the impact of climate change on road asphalt pavements and know about different paving solutions that can mitigate those impacts.

Unlike traditional asphalt and concrete, permeable pavement allows stormwater to infiltrate through the surface instead of flowing over it. This allows rainwater to be absorbed into the groundwater table, which helps prevent water runoff from contaminating local waterways. These pavement solutions can include pervious concrete, open pore pavers or plastic modular grids that allow grass to grow through them.

These paving options help create sustainable urban drainage systems that reduce the amount of water that makes its way back into the natural water system. These pavers also help protect waterways from pollutants such as oil, rubber or chemicals that tend to gather on paved surfaces during dry seasons and make their way into the water supply during rainfall. In areas with these paving options, those pollutants are slowly filtered out as the water makes its way through the different levels of aggregate stone in the paved area.

In addition, these types of paving options help reduce the effect of the urban heat island, as they provide small opportunities for plant life to grow throughout a paved landscape. The plants that grow between these pavers and the soil underneath them act as a filter for rainwater, which helps reduce the concentration of certain pollutants either physically (through adsorption), chemically (through microbial activity) or biologically (through the growth of vegetation).

Another benefit of these paving options is their ability to help stabilize the surrounding soil. Since traditional paved surfaces tend to create high erosion rates, pervious paving helps reduce the loss of valuable topsoil. This is especially beneficial in rural areas where runoff can wash away soil that may otherwise be able to support crops or wildlife.

Permeable pavements can be installed in a variety of settings, including driveways, parking areas and roads for light vehicular traffic. They can also be used in residential areas for sidewalks and paths. In order to retain their infiltration capabilities, these types of paving require periodic maintenance. They should be vaccuumed regularly to remove sediments and clogging. It is best to use an industrial vacuum that is not only powerful but has the right nozzles to ensure that all the sediments are removed from the paved area.

Sealcoating

Sealcoating is the process of applying a thin layer of protective material over asphalt surfaces. Its main purpose is to prevent the asphalt from degrading due to rain, water, UV rays, motor oil, gasoline and other chemicals that can break down the binder. This helps prolong the life of the pavement and saves money in replacement costs.

The emulsion used in seal coating is made up of coal-tar, asphalt or acrylic liquids mixed with silica sand, polymer additives and various fillers. The liquids are spread over the pavement using pressurized spray equipment or self-propelled squeegee machines. The surface should be completely clean before the application process begins. If there is dirt or mud on the asphalt, it will not adhere to the new coating and will be prone to cracking once it dries.

Once the seal coat is applied, workers will need to let it cure for 24 hours before vehicles can be driven on the surface again. It is recommended that a driveway or parking lot be sealcoated every 1-2 years to extend the life of the asphalt and prevent costly repairs.

In addition to extending the life of your asphalt, sealcoating can beautify the appearance of your property. The black, shiny surface gives the area a brand-new look and helps to hide minor cracks. It also reduces the risk of slips and falls, as it contains additives to add friction to the asphalt when wet.

Both paving and sealcoating are essential for long-lasting, attractive surfaces that will last for years to come. If you’re interested in either one of these services or would like to learn more, contact us today!

We’re happy to answer any questions you have and can provide references for past projects. We are also fully licensed and insured to complete the work you need. Our crews are always on-time and professional. We look forward to working with you! You can expect the highest quality workmanship, from start to finish. We strive to exceed your expectations every time. We are proud of our work and stand behind it 100%.

Parking Lot Maintenance

The most efficient and cost-effective method for maximizing parking lot pavement life is preventative maintenance. Smart facility managers understand the warning signs, such as raveling and transverse, longitudinal, or minor block cracking, that indicate it’s time to call for repairs or even replacement. Preventive maintenance also includes regular sweeping, crack sealing, and sealcoating.

During the late winter and early spring, many paving contractors start ramping up operations. They hire more crew members and back-office support, work extended hours, and offer reduced prices for buying material in bulk. These factors reduce labor costs and speed up paving projects, which saves money for both the contractor and their client.

A Parking Lot Management Plan (PLMP) is a systemic approach for optimizing parking lot maintenance. It involves assessing current and future parking lot conditions, maintenance and rehabilitation alternatives, funding, and priorities. Using the PLMP, a team of experts can develop and implement maintenance and rehabilitation plans and schedules to achieve desired results.

Properly maintaining your commercial asphalt parking lot is a critical component of keeping traffic flowing smoothly and avoiding costly repairs or full replacement. In addition to routine sweeping, which removes dirt and debris, it’s important to keep an eye out for drainage problems. Frequently, these are caused by clogged catch basins or other block-and-grate-casting, blocks, or mortar joints that allow water to enter the substrate, leading to structural degradation and pavement failure. Drainage issues are usually easy to repair with surface repair, whereas cracks that go down to the base and cause buckling may require a full replacement.

Another common problem is potholes, which not only damage the tires, wheels and suspension of vehicles but reflect poorly on your property and customer satisfaction. They also pose safety concerns and are a breeding ground for bacteria. Most potholes can be filled with asphalt patching or hot-mix, but if they are too extensive or ongoing, a full replacement is often the best option.

The last thing you want is a dilapidated parking lot that turns off customers and looks shabby and unprofessional. This is why it’s essential to have a process in place that triggers frequent upkeep tasks, such as CMMS or an automated scheduling software.

Striping

Whether you need simple line markings to designate parking spaces or more complex images, such as those that indicate accessible parking spaces, we can provide both thermoplastic and paint striping. Unlike standard house paint, our specialty striping materials are durable and will not peel or fade over time. We also offer ADA compliant pavement marking and signage to ensure your facility is in compliance with the law. Pavement Solutions provides construction, maintenance and repair services for asphalt and concrete surfaces on commercial property throughout the contiguous United States. We are committed to delivering value-based recommendations that protect and preserve asphalt and concrete investments.

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